It is natural for puppies to use their mouth for biting and nipping. Because of this it is important to set the rules early and let pup when he can use his mouth and when not to, It is no fun having a pup who clamps on to a finger, hand or leg every time it has a chance.
You will find that pup will nip and bite when it wants to play. Nipping is how pups learn to play and communicate in the litter. You can teach pup when and when not to bite and nip. These are his boundaries and it is important to make sure he stays in his boundaries.
The first thing to do when helping pup learn his boundaries is to just ignore him when he starts to bite or nip. You can give sharp “Ouch” which will startle pup and stop him from chewing or biting.
Also offer pup a chew toy as an alternative to chewing on you. This allows him to do what !comes natural to him but points that action in a positive direction. You will find that he will have certain chew toys that become favorites. The expense of the chew toys are far outweighed by the savings in preserving your furniture and shoes.
If pup continues to bite or nip walk away from him and ignore him completely. He wants your attention and will learn that if he wants to get it he must follow the rules. Your pup will learn that his life will be pleasant and good as long as he stays within the boundaries.
There are steps you can take to train pup when the proper time is to use his mouth. Waive your right hand or fist in front of pup and when he does not grab or bite at your hand give him a treat with your other hand.
Also provide a chew toy to alloy him to use his mouth in a positive way. If he tries to latch on pull your hand back a give a low growly no! Gradually show him other objects and repeat the process.
As you play with your pup you can use commands such as “No!” or “Stop!” if he starts to get nippy. This command will be very useful in the future when pup performs some unwanted behavior. He will this command is establishing a rule for him to stop a particular action.
Always supervise when your pup is around your child. He has to learn early that this is and area where he never uses his mouth to bite or chew. This will protect your child and your dog because if pup becomes a biter to children he will have to go to a new home.
Use lots of praise and treats in your training and remember that repitition is your friend. The more your pup repeats positive actions the more reliable he will be.
When training pup not to bite or nip it is important to control your own emotions. If you yell at him or touch him physically to try and get him to stop the negative behavior he will not understand and it will take longer for him to learn.
If you get to excited with pup and play games where he is biting and nipping he will definitely not understand what his boundaries are. If he does not understand what is expected of him, pup cannot be expected to obey when that behavior is unwanted.
It is important to always supervise put around people especially children until you know that he has learned his boundaries as far as biting and nipping.
Training pup to control his biting and nipping may take a good bit of time but it will be worth it. Be consistent and do not give up. As long as you are consistent in letting pup know his boundaries you two will have a great future together! Happy Training!